Friday, February 28, 2014

THE COINAGE OF THE SIKH STATE OF JIND



                                          THE COINS OF THE SIKHS - PUNJAB
                                                                                                         
                                                            C by Saran Singh

THE COINAGE OF THE SIKH STATES OF PATIALA, NABHA, JIND  AND  KAITHAL

The Maharajas of Patiala, the Rajas of Nabha and Jind and the Sardars of Kaithal, all belonged to the Phulkian family of Sikh Jats. They were the decendents of Chaudhari Phul, the administrator of the local revenue authority, who died in 1652. These States were situated on the south of the Sutlej river and their territory reached up to the north of Delhi. They were thus known as the Cis- Sutlej States.

The Phulkian misl (confederacy) was aligned with the Dal Khalsa in 1734. In December 1763, the Phulkian misl, in collaboration with other misls, played an important part in the capture and destruction of Sirhind.



STATE OF JIND

The State of Jind was established by Gajpat Singh, one of the chiefs of the Phulkian families, in 1763. The Mughal Emperor, Shah Alam, conferred the title of Raja on Gajpat Singh in 1772.

Raja Gajpat Singh began to issue coinage for the State of Jind in 1772. His coinage was very similar to the coinage of the State of Patiala.

Raja Gajpat Singh’s daughter, Raj Kaur, was married to Maha Singh, the leader of the Sukerchakia Misl. Their famous son, Ranjit Singh, later became the ruler of the Sikh Empire of Punjab in 1799.

Raja Gajpat Singh’s son, Raja Bhag Singh, became the ruler of the State of Jind in 1786. He was the uncle of Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab. In 1803, Raja Bhag Singh formed an alliance with the British Government of India. In May 1809, the State of Jind became a British protectorate.

In August 1948, the State of Nabha was merged with PEPSU. In November 1956, all the States of PEPSU merged with the State of Punjab.

Ruler of the State of Jind                 Born               Period of Rule

Raja Gajapt Singh                               1738                1764 - 1789
Raja Bhag Singh                                 1768                1789 - 1819
Raja Fateh Singh                                 1789                1819 - 1822
Raja Sangat Singh                               1811                1822 - 1834
Interregnum                                                                1834 - 1837
Raja Sarup Singh                                1813                1837 - 1864
Raja Raghbir Singh                             1832                1864 - 1887
Maharaja Sir Ranbir Singh                  1879                1887 - 1948
Maharaja Rajbir Singh                        1918                                                                                                                              

Coin Issues
 Raja Gajpat Singh                   -  1 Rupee, 1 Mohur
Raja Bhag Singh                      -  1 Rupee
Raja Raghbir Singh                  -  1 Rupee
Maharaja Sir Ranbir Singh       - Nazarana Rupee 




Nazarana Rupee VS 1993 (1937)
Maharaja Ranbir Singh (50th Anniversary)
 Diameter: 30.5mm, Weight: 11.80g.


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