THE COINS OF THE SIKHS - PUNJAB
C by Saran Singh
THE COINAGE OF THE SIKH STATES OF PATIALA, NABHA, JIND AND KAITHAL
The Maharajas of Patiala, the Rajas of Nabha and Jind and the Sardars of Kaithal, all belonged to the Phulkian family of Sikh Jats. They were the decendents of Chaudhari Phul, the administrator of the local revenue authority, who died in 1652. These States were situated on the south of the Sutlej river and their territory reached up to the north of Delhi. They were thus known as the Cis- Sutlej States.
The Phulkian misl (confederacy) was aligned with the Dal Khalsa in 1734. In December 1763, the Phulkian misl, in collaboration with other misls, played an important part in the capture and destruction of Sirhind.
STATE OF NABHA
The town of Nabha was founded by Hamir Singh, the chief of one of the Phulkian families, in 1755. The territory of Nabha was gradually expanded through conquest of it’s neighbours. After the fall of Sirhind in 1763, Nabha became a State.
In 1783, Jaswant Singh became the ruler of the State of Nabha. He was awarded the title of Raja by Shah Alam II, the Mughal Emperor of India. In May 1809, the State of Nabha became a British protectorate so as to control the growing influence of Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab.
Raja Jaswant Singh issued the first coins of the State of Nabha in 1820, which except for the mintmark, were similar to the coins of the State of Patiala. The coins of Nabha issued between 1835 – 1874 bear the Gobindshahi inscriptions of the Sikh coins of Punjab on the obverse.
In August 1948, the State of Nabha was merged with PEPSU. In November 1956, all the States of PEPSU merged with the State of Punjab.
Ruler of the State of Nabha Born Period of Rule
Sardar Hamir Singh 1755 - 1783
Raja Jaswant Singh 1775 1783 - 1840
Raja Devindar Singh 1822 1840 – 1846 (deposed), Died 1865
Raja Bharpur Singh 1840 1847 - 1863
Raja Bhagwan Singh 1842 1864 - 1871
Maharaja Sir Hira Singh 1843 1871 - 1911
Maharaja Ripudaman Singh 1883 1912 – 1928 (Abdicated), Died 1943
Maharaja Sir Partap Singh 1919 1928 – 1948, Died 1995
Maharaja Hanuwant Singh
Raja Jaswant Singh - 1 Rupee, Nazrana Rupee
Raja Bharpur Singh - 1 Rupee, 1 MohurMaharaja Sir Hira Singh - 1 Rupee
1 Rupee, silver VS 1908 (1851)
Raja Bharpur Singh
D: 21mm, W: 10.90g.